Archives on Veterinary Science and Technology (ISSN: 2637-9988)

case report

Leptospirosis: an Overview of Canine Leptospirosis in Grenada and Its Impact on Public Health

*Satesh Bidaisee, Elān Armstrong

Associate Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, St. George’s University, Grenada, West Indies

*Corresponding author: Satesh Bidaisee, Associate Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, St. George’s University, Grenada, West Indies; Tel: +473 439-2000; Fax: +473 444-1219; E-mail: SBidaisee@sgu.edu

Received Date: 19 May, 2017; Accepted Date: 22 May, 2017; Published Date: 29 May, 2017

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that cans cause severe disease manifestation in humans and as such, is considered a public health threat. The leptospira bacteria are quite prevalent in warm, tropical regions including the island of Grenada. The spread of this disease in Grenada’s canine population can be curbed with the use of an efficient prophylactic measure; however, the efficacy of Leptospirosis vaccines is questioned. The current vaccine distributed to Grenada from the US and Europe contains serovars Grippotyphosa, Canicola, Icterohaemorrhagiae RGA and Pomona. A 2005 study in Grenada, however, revealed serovars Copenhageni, Mankarso, Icterohaemorrhagiae RGA and Pyrogenes to be present in the local environment which suggests little cross-protection offered to dogs that have been vaccinated. Detecting Leptospirosis spill over into the human population is difficult due to non-specific symptoms as well as poor physician awareness. Recommendations to amend and address this public health threat in Grenada are discussed.


Copyright and Licensing: This is an Open Access Journal Article Published Under Attribution-Share Alike CC BY-SA: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License. With this license readers can share, distribute, download, even commercially, as long as the original source is properly cited. Read More.