Sports Injuries & Medicine (ISSN: 2576-9596)

case report

The Health of Community-Residing Elderly Study: Effectiveness of Health in Movement, an Adapted Physical Activity Program, in Improving Psychophysical Performance in Community-Residing Older Adults

Iride Ghezzi1,2, Gianluca Giardini1, Alessandro Lesmo1, Stefano Daverio1, Fabrizio Pregliasco3,4*

1Foundation of the Istituto Sacra Famiglia ONLUS, Cesano Boscone, Milan, Italy

2Cenci Gallingani ONLUS Foundation, Cesano Boscone, Milan, Italy

3University of Milan, Italy

4Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute (IRCCS), Milan, Italy

*Corresponding author: Fabrizio Pregliasco, University of Milan, Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute (IRCCS), Milan, Italy

Received Date: 09 December 2020; Accepted Date: 16 December 2020; Published Date: 22 December 2020,

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between cognitive function and an Adapted Physical Activity (APA) program in community -residing older adults. The study was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The final study sample was 60 adults who received either APA plus cognitive training (experimental group, n=34) or APA alone (comparison group, n=26) for 75 minutes per sess ion twice weekly for 12 weeks. A test battery to evaluate executive function and cognitive skills was performed before (baseline) and after the intervention. Significant differences in motor and cognitive performance were observed between the two groups at the final assessment. The expe rimental group was noted to have improved mobility, physical performance, and pain symptoms, as well as cognitive competencies in the domains typically affected by cognitive decline with advancing age such as memory, orientation, and fine motor skills.

Keywords

Aging; Cognitive decline; Cognitive exercises; Dual task; Physical exercise


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