Sports Injuries & Medicine (ISSN: 2576-9596)

Article / research article

"Comparing Performance Category Criteria for U.S. Navy Alternate Physical Readiness Tests"

Latour A*, Peterson D, Rittenhouse M, Riner D

Department of Exercise Physiology, United States Naval Academy, USA

*Corresponding author: Austin Latour, Department of Exercise Physiology, United States Naval Academy, USA. Tel: +14102934427; Email: latour@usna.edu

Received Date: 25 April, 2017; Accepted Date:  02 October, 2017; Published Date: 11 October, 2017

1.      Abstract

The current Navy Physical Readiness Test (PRT) allows for several alternative methods, in lieu of the 1.5-mile run, with which to assess aerobic fitness. Two of these methods (elliptical trainer and stationary bike) and two additional devices (2-Km rower and 5-Km bike) were evaluated to determine if maximal effort on all devices produced the same performance category as the 1.5-mile run. One hundred thirty-two active-duty military and midshipmen were recruited from the United States Naval Academy and Naval Support Activity Annapolis. Subjects participated in six testing sessions over a six-week period.  Subjects performed a 1.5-mile run (n = 118), 12-minute elliptical trainer test (n = 108), 12-minute stationary bike test (n = 115), 2-Km rower test (n = 115), and 5-Km bike test (n = 114). Each performance category attained from the alternate aerobic test device was compared to the performance category attained for the 1.5-mile run. None of the aerobic testing devices performance categories matched well to the 1.5-mile run. The results of the testing sessions support the mandated use of the 1.5-mile run as the sole method of assessing aerobic fitness. Additionally, if an alternate method must be used, the 12-minute stationary bike test using the revised Naval Health Research Center (NHRC) performance categories might be the best option because it has the largest number of performance matching categories. Finally, the results do not support the use of the 12-minute elliptical test, as an authorized alternative, due to its minimal number of matching categories.

2.       Keywords: Navy; Physical; Readiness

1.      Introduction

The Department of Defense (DoD) mandates that each branch of military service performs a semi-annual Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) on its personnel (DoD, 2004). The information obtained from the PFA provides service members with information regarding their physical fitness level while ensuring personnel possess the minimum requirements necessary to support the mission (Department of the Navy [DON], 2011). Per the DoD instruction, each branch of service is required to assess body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and aerobic fitness (DoD, 2004). However, the DoD allows each service to determine the tests used to assess each of these components of fitness (DoD, 2004).

Due to the large number of personnel in each branch, all four services have opted to implement distance runs to assess aerobic fitness. Although the gold standard of measuringaerobic fitness is the VO2max test, it is not feasible for testing large populations. In addition, multiple research studies have determined distance runs to be good indicators of aerobic fitnessand can easily be used to test large populations (Buono, 1988; George, Vehrs, Allsen,Fellingham, & Fisher, 1992; Latour, Peteson, Rittenhouse, &Riner, 2017;Weiglein, Herrick, Kirk, & Kirk, 2011). The Navy and Air Force employ the 1.5-mile run and the Army and MarineCorps employ the 2.0-mile run and 3.0-mile run, respectively.

The purpose of this study was to identify the performance categories attained on the 1.5-mile run and compare them to the performance categories attained by the other alternate devices to see if they were equitable. This study compared the performance categories attained for each participant on 1.5-mile run, 12-minute elliptical test (using two sets of performance standards), 12-minute stationary bike (using two sets of performance standards), 5-Km bike, and 2-Km rower. If each aerobic test accurately measures aerobic fitness, then the performance category attained from each test should be identical. If the resulting performance categories attained for the 1.5-mile run is not the same as those attained from the alternative tests, then the alternative tests may not be accurately or equivocally reporting aerobic fitness levels. In order to ensure PRT standardization and fairness, it is imperative that all aerobic tests produce the same performance category results.

2.      Methods

This report is a follow-on study to a previous study by Latour et al. (2017). The complete methods used and description of each test protocol are provided in the previous study.

Subjects

Active duty military (n = 38) and Naval Academy midshipmen (n = 94) were recruited to participate in the testing (n =132). Participant descriptive information is provided in Table 2.

All subjects completed the Navy’s standardized PRT warm-up prior to each test and were encouraged to participate in six maximal-effort aerobic tests. These tests included the 12-minute stationary bike, 12-minute elliptical trainer, 5-Km bike, 2-Km rower, 1.5-mile run, and a VO2max test.

For the 12-minute stationary bike and elliptical trainer tests, only PRT approved devices were used. Each test was 12 minutes in length with an additional two-minute cool down period. Calories burned at the end of 12 minutes was recorded and used for calculating each individual performance category. The 5-Km bike test was performed on a MonarkErgomedic 874E cycle ergometer. Resistance was added based on the participant’s body weight. The participant was instructed to cycle as fast as possible until he/she reached a distance of 5-Km. The time was recorded. The 2-Km rower test was performed on a Concept 2 rower. Each participant was instructed to row as fast as possible until 2,000 meters was attained. The time was recorded. The 1.5-mile run was conducted on a 200-meter indoor track. The participant was instructed to run as fast as possible until 1.5 miles was reached. The time was recorded. Each participant performed a VO2max test on a ParvoMedicsTrueOne 2400. The participant was asked to run on the treadmill as long as possible and to provide a maximal effort.

Body weight, height, and age were measured and recorded before the first test. To limit the chance of fatigue and ensure recovery, subjects were required to wait 48 hours between each test; however, all tests needed to be completed in a six-week period to reduce the effect of increased or decreased aerobic performance. All subjects were asked to provide a maximal effort for each test.

For the 12-minute stationary bike, two scoring methods were used. The current PRIMS equation was used to determine a 1.5-mile run time (min:sec). This equation predicted a 1.5-mile run time based on the calories burned (indicated on the device) during the 12-minute stationary bike test. A new NHRC developed scoring system was also used to calculate a performance score based on Calories (Cal) and Body Weight (BW) in pounds (Cal/BW) (See Tables). For the PRIMS equation, the calories burned wereentered into the official run time calculator located on the PRIMS website. This same method was used for determining predicted 1.5-mile run times and scores for the elliptical trainer.

2.1.  PRT Scoring Method

Currently, each PRT event is scored for six levels of performance and assigned points based on performance. The different levels of performance are categorized as Maximum (100 points), Outstanding (90-99 points), Excellent (75-89 points), Good (60-74 points), Satisfactory (45-59 points), and Failure (< 45 points) (See Appendix A).

2.2.  Category Differences

Each performance category obtained (i.e., maximum, outstanding, excellent, good, satisfactory, failure) from an individual’s 1.5-mile run was compared with the performance categories he or she earned on the alternative aerobic tests. Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4 depict the performance categories, associated points, and run times or criterion measure.

When aerobic tests are completed, the performance categories can be compared to each other. If the performance category is not the same for both aerobic tests, (i.e. 1.5-mile run and elliptical trainer), then there is a performance category difference. Because there are six categories, performance category differences can be a difference of one, two, three, four, or five.

For example, if a 17-year-old male acquired a nine-minute and 45-second 1.5-mile run time, his performance category would be “Excellent” (Table 1). If the same individual performed the elliptical trainer alternate aerobic test and PRIMS predicted his run time at nine minutes and 50 seconds (based on calories burned during the test and the PRIMS regression equation), then he would have acquired a performance category of “Good” (Table 1). This performance data would result in a one-category difference. If the same individual were to perform the stationary bike alternate aerobic test and PRIMS predicted his run time as 12:40 and a performance category of “Failure,” then this performance would be a three-category difference (Table 1). Ideally, there should be no difference in categories between an approved device and the 1.5-mile run if a max effort is performed on each test and performance category scoring methods are equivalent.

3.      Results

For each device tested, the performance category attained by each individual was compared to his/her respective performance category attained during the 1.5-mile run. For the stationary bike and elliptical trainer, two sets of performance norms were evaluated. The first set (PRIMS bike) uses a prediction equation that converts the number of calories burned in 12 minutes into a predicted 1.5-mile run time. This calculation was completed using the official Navy PRT calculator located on the secure PRIMS website. Once converted, the performance norms for the 1.5-mile run were used to assign a respective performance category (See Tables). The other set (NHRC bike) uses standalone performance norms based on calories burned and body weight. For the 5-Km bike, performance categories were acquired from Buono’s (1988) research (Tables 3 and 4). The performance standards developed by Buono (1988) included only the following performance categories: Outstanding, Excellent, Good, and Satisfactory. Based on the regression equation in Buono’s (1988) paper, the researchers expanded the table to include the Navy’s additional performance categories (i.e., Maximum and Failure). The rower performance category standards are based on the work performed by Peterson (2015a).

3.1.  Category Prediction

None of the alternate tests matched the 1.5-mile run category by 40% or more (Figure 1). When an alternate test does not match the run category, the tests can either over- or under-predict actual 1.5-mile run times. When an alternate test under-predicts, it estimates run times as slower than actual 1.5-mile run times and individuals receive a poorer performance category than if they had performed the 1.5-mile run. When an alternate test over predicts, it estimates run times as faster than they actually are and individuals attain a better performance category than they would have earned on the 1.5-mile run. 

5.1.1           Stationary Bike and Elliptical Trainer

The results indicate that the NHRC bikeperformance categories matched best with the 1.5-mile performance categories (39%). The PRIMS bike matched 15%. The PRIMS elliptical and NHRC elliptical had the least number of matching categories with 14% and 12% matching categories, respectively.

Overall, the PRIMS bike and PRIMS elliptical scores primarily under-predicted (80% and 83% respectively). The NHRC elliptical trainer primarily under-predicted (88%). In contrast, the NHRC bike was more balanced and under-predicted by 28% while over-predicting by 33%.

5.1.2 5-Km Bike and 2-Km Rower

The 5-Km bike matched second best with 28% matchingcategories; however, it primarily over-predicted scores (67%). The 2-Km rower had 24% matching categories, 41% under-prediction, and 35% over-prediction.

3.2.  Run Category Differences

Category differences were reviewed next in order to determine which devices produced results that were closest to the performance categories for the 1.5-mile run. However, because the PRIMS bike and PRIMS elliptical tests are estimating 1.5-mile run times (instead of directlymeasuring them), a level of error can be expected. Therefore, it is useful to evaluate the alternate tests not only based on how many categories match but also based on the magnitude of the matching errors. As described previously, category differences can range from one-category difference to five-category differences. A device with no category differences and/or one-category difference, may be acceptable for testing purposes when compared to the 1.5-mile run. If a device has a majority of two- or three-category differences and four- or five-category differences, it may not be acceptable for testing purposes (Figure 2)

3.2.1.         Stationary Bike and Elliptical Trainer

Although the PRIMS bike contained the leastamount of matching categories (15%), it also had the most performance categories that were one category difference (49%) (Figure 2) Combined, it had 64% matching and one-category differences. The PRIMS bike also contained two-category differences (31%) and three-category differences (5%). The NHRC bike produced the most amount of matching and one-category differences combined (83%), making it the alternate device that produced the least amount ofdifference between the 1.5-mile run scoring categories. Because of this, it may be the most acceptable device and scoring method to use because it matches the 1.5-mile run best. It also produced 14% two-category differences and 3% three-category differences. This was the least amount of two- and three-category differences from all of the devices tested. Also, the NHRC bike had no four- or five-category differences. Overall, based on the category differences alone, the NHRC bike performed the best.

Both the PRIMS elliptical and the NHRC elliptical performed worst in regard to matching categories. Both of the elliptical scoring methods contained the most three- and four-category differences. The PRIMS elliptical contained 41% two- and three-category differences while the NHRC elliptical contained 43%. Both elliptical scoring methods also contained four-and five-category differences which produced poor matching results.

3.2.2.         5-Km Bike and 2-Km Rower

The only other device that did not have four- or five-category differences was the 5-Km bike. Overall, the 5-Km bike performed reasonably well, with 70% matching and one-category differences combined (Figure 2). It also did not contain any four- or five-category differences. The 2-Km rower contained 62% matching and one-category differences combined. The remainders of its differences were two, three-, four-, and five-category differences. The 2-Km rower contained the highest four- and five-category differences, which compared to the other devices, it matched poorly to the 1.5-mile run.

3.3.  Average Category Differences

Table 5 shows that the NHRC bike (m = 4.54) and 2-Km rower (m = 4.21) had closest mean category scores to that of the 1.5 mile run (m = 4.48) while the elliptical scoring methods (PRIMS, m = 3.02; NHRC, m = 2.85) had the highest mean category differences from the run

A Friedman’s test was conducted and the results indicate that there was a significantdifference in the categories participants achieved using the different exercise devices (χ2 (6) =306.248, p = 0.000). Post hoc analyses were conducted to compare each device with the 1.5 milerun using a Wilcoxon signed-rank tests with a Bonferroni family-wise error correction which setthe significance level at p < .008. Significant category differences were found between the 1.5mile run and the PRIMS bike (Z= -7.800,p= 0.000), PRIMS elliptical (Z= -7.932,p= 0.000),NHRC elliptical (Z= -8.422,p= 0.000), and 5-Km bike (Z= -7.210,p= 0.000). No significantcategory differences were found between the 1.5-mile run and the NHRC bike (Z= -0.614,p=0.539) or the 2-Km rower (Z = -0.907, p = 0.364). These results indicate that the NHRC bikeand the 2-Km rower are the best devices, among those tested, to minimize the categorydifference between an alternate device and the 1.5-mile run.

3.4.  Comparisons of the NHRC Bike and 2-Km Rower

Because the NHRC bike and the 2-Km rower were the only alternate devices that did nothave significant category differences from the 1.5-mile run, they were compared to determine ifthere was any difference in the categories the two devices produced. A Wilcox on signed rankstest failed to find a significant difference in the mean categories achieved on the NHRC bike and Rower, (Z= -1.716,p= 0.086).

Although no difference was found in the categories these devices produced, it is possible that one device has more error in predicting the 1.5-mile run category than the other. To explorethis, difference scores were computed for each participant for these devices based on how many category differences there were between their device and 1.5-mile run categories. A Wilcox on signed ranks test found that the 2-Km Rower (m = 1.37) had a significantly higher difference score than the NHRC bike (m = 0.82) (Z= -3.958,p= 0.000) (Table 6).

4.      Discussion

4.1.  Current Navy Alternate Tests

Our results show that the PRIMS bike and PRIMS elliptical primarily under-predicted performance categories when compared to the 1.5-mile run. As a result, the run times computed from the regression equation in PRIMS were much slower than the actual 1.5-mile run times achieved in this study. Participants in this study would have attained a better performance category performing the 1.5-mile run test rather than testing on the stationary bike or elliptical trainer. These findings suggest that the current stationary bike and elliptical trainer performance categories are not equal to the 1.5-mile run. In order to ensure PRT standardization, the alternate aerobic tests should produce the same outcome (performance category) as the 1.5-mile run. Ifthe alternate cardio tests do not produce the same performance category as the 1.5-mile run, then they should not be used interchangeably.

NHRC has developed an alternate scoring method based on Calories burned and Body Weight (Cal/BW). It was proposed that this revised method would: 1) be easier to compute, 2) not require the use of run prediction equations, and 3) use standalone norms (instead of a prediction equation) similar to the other PRT modalities. This change would significantly reduce the administrative burden on the respective command as well as the Physical Readiness Program Office. Our data showed that the proposed NHRC bike performance categories improved the matching categories to 39%. It produced the highest percentage of matching and one-category differences of all the devices tested. Our statistical analysis also demonstrated that the NHRC bike categories did not differ significantly from the categories achieved in the 1.5-mile run and had significantly lower category difference scores than the 2-Km rower (the only other device that had categories that did not differ from the run). However, in terms of the elliptical trainer, the NHRC elliptical actually produced fewer matching categories than did the PRIMS elliptical.

4.2.  Additional Alternate Aerobic Tests

The 2-Km rower and 5-Km bike were also reviewed in this study. In a previous study, the 2-Km rower was recommended as an alternate aerobic fitness test for the Navy because of its relatively high correlation to VO2max and the 1.5-mile run, thereby performing just as well as the stationary bike. Additionally, the 2-Km rower is readily available in most Navy facilities, and its cost is the lowest of all devices tested (Latour et al., 2017). Even though the 5-Km bike has a moderate correlation to VO2max, it was not recommended for use as an alternate aerobic test because of its higher cost and more complicated testing procedures (Latour et al., 2017).

Using the performance categories created by Peterson (2015a), the 2-Km rower had a similar number of matching and one-category differences as the 5-Km bike and PRIMS bike, and because it was more balanced on under- and over-prediction, it was the only device besides the NHRC bike not to differ significantly from the 1.5-mile run categories. Further analyses showed that the 2-Km rower did have a higher average category difference than the NHRC bike. The 5-Km bike tested better than most of the other devices and maintained the second most matching categories. However, it primarily over-predicted performance categories, which means the performance category attained during the 5-Km bike produced better individual results than would have been achieved on the 1.5-mile run. Both the 2-Km rower and the 5-Km bike still have the potential to be adequate aerobic tests although our results indicate that the NHRC bike is the better option.

5.      Limitations

The primary limitation that existed for this study was the lack of failures due to the testing population used. This was likely due to the different (stricter) PRT standards employed by USNA as compared to the Navy. As a result, none of the participants failed the 1.5-mile run. A few participants did fail some of the alternate aerobic devices, but those failures are believed to be a result of their unfamiliarity with the equipment. Although the participants were provided the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the equipment prior to testing, many failed to do so.

6.      Conclusion

The authors conclude that the 1.5-mile run is the most accurate option for testing the aerobic fitness of Navy personnel. As a result, the 1.5-mile run should be the Navy’s standard method of assessment and it should be mandatory for all service members to participate unlessthey are on a medical waiver. If the Navy desires the continued implementation of alternate aerobic capacity tests, this research recommends the use of the NHRC bike. Overall, the NHRCbike appears to be the best alternate scoring method because it had the most matching categories and one-category differences when compared to the 1.5-mile run. The 2-Km rower is anotherpossible option for alternate aerobic testing, but future research is needed in order to develop revised performance categories. Although the 5-Km bike performed well, it is not recommended due to its cost and complexity of testing procedures (Latour et al., 2017). Finally, neither the PRIMS elliptical nor NHRC elliptical are recommended as an alternate aerobic test due to their poor correlation to VO2max and limited number of matching performance categories (Latour et al., 2017).


Figure 1: Over and Under Run Category Predictions.



Figure 2: Run Prediction Category Differences.

 

 

Table 1

Male Scoring Categories

 

Performance Category

  Points

1.5-mile run (min:sec)

NHRC Elliptical Trainer (Cal/BW)

NHRC Stationary Bike (Cal/BW)

2-Km Rower (min:sec)

Age 17-19 years

Maximum

100

8:15

1.384

0.968

7:04

Outstanding

90

9:00

1.262

0.866

7:24

Excellent

75

9:45

1.14

0.764

7:46

Good

60

11:00

0.938

0.61

8:09

Satisfactory

45

12:30

0.874

0.561

8:34

Failure

<45

>12:30

<0.874

<0.561

>8:34

Age 20-24 years

Maximum

100

8:30

1.375

0.959

7:25

Outstanding

90

9:15

1.253

0.857

7:46

Excellent

75

10:30

1.131

0.755

8:09

Good

60

12:00

0.929

0.602

8:34

Satisfactory

45

13:30

0.865

0.553

9:00

Failure

<45

>13:30

<0.865

<0.553

>9:00

Age 25-29 years

Maximum

100

8:55

1.364

0.947

7:47

Outstanding

90

9:38

1.242

0.846

8:09

Excellent

75

10:52

1.12

0.745

8:34

Good

60

12:53

0.918

0.591

9:00

Satisfactory

45

14:00

0.854

0.542

9:27

Failure

<45

>14:00

<0.854

<0.542

>9:27

Age 30-34 years

Maximum

100

9:20

1.353

0.938

8:10

Outstanding

90

10:00

1.231

0.836

8:34

Excellent

75

11:15

1.109

0.734

9:00

Good

60

13:45

0.907

0.58

9:27

Satisfactory

45

14:30

0.843

0.531

9:54

Failure

<45

>14:30

<0.843

<0.531

>9:54

Age 35-39 years

Maximum

100

9:25

1.342

0.927

8:34

Outstanding

90

10:08

1.22

0.825

9:00

Excellent

75

11:23

1.098

0.723

9:27

Good

60

14:08

0.896

0.569

9:54

Satisfactory

45

15:00

0.832

0.52

10:24

Failure

<45

>15:00

<0.832

<0.520

>10:24

Age 40-44 years

Maximum

100

9:30

1.331

0.916

9:00

Outstanding

90

10:15

1.209

0.814

9:27

Excellent

75

11:45

1.087

0.712

9:54

Good

60

14:30

0.885

0.559

10:24

Satisfactory

45

15:30

0.821

0.51

10:55

Failure

<45

>15:30

<0.821

<0.510

>10:55

Age 45-49 years

Maximum

100

9:33

1.32

0.904

9:28

Outstanding

90

10:30

1.198

0.803

9:54

Excellent

75

12:08

1.076

0.702

10:24

Good

60

14:53

0.874

0.548

10:55

Satisfactory

45

16:08

0.81

0.499

11:28

Failure

<45

>16:08

<0.810

<0.499

>11:28

Age 50-54 years

Maximum

100

9:35

1.309

0.893

9:56

Outstanding

90

10:45

1.187

0.792

10:24

Excellent

75

12:30

1.065

0.691

10:55

Good

60

15:15

0.864

0.537

11:28

Satisfactory

45

16:45

0.8

0.488

12:03

Failure

<45

>16:45

<0.800

<0.488

>12:03

Age 55-59 years

Maximum

100

10:42

1.298

0.884

10:26

Outstanding

90

11:25

1.176

0.782

10:55

Excellent

75

13:12

1.054

0.68

11:28

Good

60

16:15

0.852

0.526

12:03

Satisfactory

45

17:09

0.788

0.477

12:39

Failure

<45

>17:09

<0.788

<0.477

>12:39

Age 60-64 years

Maximum

100

11:21

1.287

0.873

10:57

Outstanding

90

12:04

1.165

0.771

11:28

Excellent

75

13:53

1.043

0.669

12:03

Good

60

17:47

0.841

0.516

12:39

Satisfactory

45

18:52

0.777

0.466

13:18

Failure

<45

>18:52

<0.777

<0.466

>13:18

Age 65+ years

      Maximum

100

11:41

1.276

0.861

11:30

Outstanding

90

12:43

1.154

0.76

12:03

Excellent

75

14:34

1.032

0.659

12:39

Good

60

18:13

0.83

0.505

13:18

Satisfactory

45

20:35

0.766

0.456

13:57

Failure

<45

>20:35

<0.766

<0.456

>13:57

Percent of total Navy personnel using each of the different cardio options in Cycle 1, 2011 (Jan-Jun) and Cycle 2, 2015 (Jul-Dec).  Data obtained from Navy Physical Readiness Program Office.

 

500-yd Swim

450-m Swim

Elliptical

Stationary Bike

1.5-mile Run

Cycle 1, 2011

0.99%

1.63%

5.09%

18.97%

72.05%

Cycle 2, 2015

0.83%

1.32%

4.10%

29.92%

63.18%


Table 1: Male Scoring Categories and PFA cycles.

  

Table 2

Female Scoring Categories

Performance Category

Points

1.5-mile run (min:sec)

NHRC Elliptical Trainer (Cal/BW)

NHRC Stationary Bike (Cal/BW)

2-Km Rower (min:sec)

Age 17-19 years

Maximum

100

9:29

1.32

0.968

7:55

Outstanding

90

11:30

1.199

0.866

8:18

Excellent

75

12:30

1.078

0.764

8:42

Good

60

13:30

0.887

0.61

9:09

Satisfactory

45

15:00

0.823

0.561

9:36

Failure

<45

>15:00

<0.823

<0.561

>9:36

Age 20-24 years

Maximum

100

9:47

1.306

0.959

8:18

Outstanding

90

11:30

1.186

0.857

8:42

Excellent

75

13:15

1.066

0.755

9:09

Good

60

14:15

0.874

0.602

9:36

Satisfactory

45

15:30

0.81

0.553

10:06

Failure

<45

>15:30

<0.810

<0.553

>10:06

Age 25-29 years

Maximum

100

10:17

1.29

0.947

8:43

Outstanding

90

11:45

1.17

0.846

9:09

Excellent

75

13:23

1.05

0.745

9:36

Good

60

14:53

0.858

0.591

10:06

Satisfactory

45

16:08

0.794

0.542

10:36

Failure

<45

>16:08

<0.794

<0.542

>10:36

Age 30-34 years

Maximum

100

10:46

1.274

0.938

9:09

Outstanding

90

12:00

1.154

0.836

9:36

Excellent

75

13:30

1.034

0.734

10:06

Good

60

15:30

0.842

0.58

10:36

Satisfactory

45

16:45

0.778

0.531

11:07

Failure

<45

>16:45

<0.778

<0.531

>11:07

Age 35-39 years

Maximum

100

10:51

1.26

0.927

9:37

Outstanding

90

12:08

1.139

0.825

10:06

Excellent

75

13:45

1.018

0.723

10:36

Good

60

15:53

0.827

0.569

11:07

Satisfactory

45

17:00

0.762

0.52

11:40

Failure

<45

>17:00

<0.762

<0.520

>11:40

Age 40-44 years

Maximum

100

10:56

1.244

0.916

10:06

Outstanding

90

12:15

1.123

0.814

10:36

Excellent

75

14:00

1.002

0.712

11:07

Good

60

16:15

0.811

0.559

11:40

Satisfactory

45

17:15

0.747

0.51

12:15

Failure

<45

>17:15

<0.747

<0.510

>12:15

Age 45-49 years

Maximum

100

10:58

1.228

0.904

10:36

Outstanding

90

12:30

1.107

0.803

11:07

Excellent

75

14:08

0.986

0.702

11:40

Good

60

16:30

0.795

0.548

12:15

Satisfactory

45

17:23

0.731

0.499

12:52

Failure

<45

>17:23

<0.731

<0.499

>12:52

Age 50-54 years

Maximum

100

11:00

1.213

0.893

11:07

Outstanding

90

12:45

1.092

0.792

11:40

Excellent

75

14:15

0.971

0.691

12:15

Good

60

16:45

0.78

0.537

12:52

Satisfactory

45

17:30

0.716

0.488

13:31

Failure

<45

>17:30

<0.716

<0.488

>13:31

Age 55-59 years

Maximum

100

12:23

1.195

0.884

11:41

Outstanding

90

13:57

1.075

0.782

12:15

Excellent

75

15:20

0.955

0.68

12:52

Good

60

17:48

0.763

0.526

13:31

Satisfactory

45

18:34

0.699

0.477

14:12

Failure

<45

>18:34

<0.699

<0.477

>14:12

Age 60-64 years

Maximum

100

13:34

1.17

0.873

12:16

Outstanding

90

15:08

1.059

0.771

12:52

Excellent

75

16:25

0.939

0.669

13:31

Good

60

18:51

0.747

0.516

14:12

Satisfactory

45

19:43

0.683

0.466

14:54

Failure

<45

>19:43

<0.683

<0.466

>14:54

Age 65+ years

Maximum

100

14:45

1.163

0.861

12:53

Outstanding

90

16:19

1.043

0.76

13:31

Excellent

75

17:30

0.923

0.659

14:12

Good

60

19:54

0.731

0.505

14:54

Satisfactory

45

20:52

0.667

0.456

15:39

Failure

<45

>20:52

<0.667

<0.456

>15:39

 

Participant descriptive information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number

Mean

SD

Minimum

Maximum

Male

Height

83

70.66

2.88

65

79

Weight

84

181.44

25.63

132

251

Age

84

27.08

9.03

18

54

Female

Height

48

64.73

2.76

59

70

Weight

48

142.17

21.85

95

201

Age

47

23.70

6.55

18

51

 

Table 2: Female Scoring Categories and Participant descriptive information.

Table 3

Male 5K Bike categories in seconds (Buono, 1988)

Age

Maximum

Outstanding

Excellent

Good

Satisfactory

Failure

17-19

<414

414 - 448

449 - 483

484 - 540

541 - 608

>608

20-24

<426

426 - 459

460 - 516

517 - 585

586 – 653

>653

25-29

<445

445 - 477

478 - 533

534 - 625

626 - 676

>676

30-34

<464

464 - 494

495 - 551

552 - 666

667 - 699

>699

35-39

<468

468 - 500

501 - 557

558 - 682

683 - 722

>722

40-44

<472

472 - 505

506 - 573

574 - 699

700 - 744

>744

45-49

<474

474 - 516

517 - 591

592 - 716

717 - 773

>773

50-54

<476

476 - 528

529 - 608

609 - 733

734 - 801

>801

55-59

<526

526 - 558

559 - 640

641 - 779

780 - 820

>820

60-64

<555

555 - 588

589 - 671

672 - 849

850 - 898

>898

65+

<570

570 - 617

618 - 702

703 - 868

869 - 976

>976

 

Table 3: Male 5K Bike categories in seconds (Buono, 1988).

 

Table 4

Female 5K Bike Categories in seconds (Buono, 1988)

Age

Maximum

Outstanding

Excellent

Good

Satisfactory

Failure

17-19

<471

471 - 562

563 - 608

609 - 653

654 - 722

>722

20-24

<485

485 - 562

563 - 642

643 - 687

688 - 744

>744

25-29

<508

508 - 573

574 - 648

649 - 716

717 - 773

>773

30-34

<530

530 - 585

586 - 653

654 - 744

745 - 801

>801

35-39

<533

533 - 591

592 - 665

666 - 762

763 - 813

>813

40-44

<536

536 - 596

597 - 676

677 - 779

780 - 824

>824

45-49

<538

538 - 608

609 - 682

683 - 790

791 - 830

>830

50-54

<539

539 - 619

620 - 687

688 - 801

802 - 836

>836

55-59

<602

602 - 674

675 - 737

738 - 849

850 - 884

>884

60-64

<656

656 - 728

729 - 786

787 - 897

898 - 937

>937

65+

<710

710 - 782

783 - 836

837 - 945

946 - 989

>989

 

Table 4: Female 5K Bike Categories in seconds (Buono, 1988).

 

Table 5

Category averages for 1.5-mile run and alternate aerobic devices

 

Count

Median

Mean

SD

1.5-Mile Run

127

4

4.48

.90

PRIMS Bike

114

3

3.37

.76

NHRC Bike

114

5

4.54

1.14

PRIMS Elliptical

107

3

3.02

1.19

NHRC Elliptical

107

3

2.85

1.17

2-Km Rower

114

4

4.21

1.59

5K Bike

113

6

5.44

.83

 

Table 5: Category averages for 1.5-mile run and alternate aerobic devices.

 

N

Mean

SD

Minimum

Maximum

NHRC Bike

114

0.8246

0.77854

0

3

2-Km Rower

110

1.3727

1.16414

0

5

 

Table 6: NHRC Bike and 2-Km Rower Mean Standard Deviation, Minimum, and Maximum.

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Citation: Latour A, Peterson D, Rittenhouse M, Riner D (2017) Comparing Performance Category Criteria for U.S. Navy Alternate Physical Readiness Tests. Sports Injr Med 1: 115. DOI: 10.29011/2576-9596.100015

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