Journal of Community Medicine & Public Health (ISSN: 2577-2228)

review article

Role of Regular Physical Exercise Training on the Prediabetes among Adults

Sameera M AlHajri 1, Maryam A AlMuslemani 2, Farah M Mahfouz 3, Anees Alyafei 4*

1Family Medicine Specialist, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar

2Community Medicine Consultant, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar

3Health Coach, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar

4Community Medicine Consultant, Preventive Medicine, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar

*Corresponding author: Anees Alyafei, Community Medicine Consultant, Preventive Medicine, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Received Date: 08 July, 2021 Accepted Date: 15 July, 2021 Published Date: 21 July, 2021

Abstract

Introduction: People with pre-diabetes are at increased risk to develop type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular diseases. Behavioral lifestyle intervention may play an important role in slowing down, stop or even reverse the progression to type 2 DM. The purpose of this study is exploring the epidemiological characteristics of prediabetes and assess the available knowledge about the role of PE intervention on prediabetic adults.

Methodology: Narrative review was done through using academic database search. Fifty-one English online articles about the effect of exercises on prediabetic adults have been included in the study.

Findings: Most studies agreed on positive effects of PE on glycemic status in prediabetic patients. However, some studies find slight or even no effects of lifestyle modifications including PE on developing type 2 DM and other complications. Studies agreed that, PE on both aerobic and resistance exercise adjusts cellular glucose uptake, improve insulin sensitivity, muscular and hepatic glucose metabolism resulting in more glycemic control, which reverses many pathological factors related to the usual glycemic & metabolic control and cardiopulmonary function. Substantial inconsistency in some studies could be explained by race, existing comorbidities, individual physiological status and PE prescription.

Conclusion: This review suggests that PE may express a positive influence among prediabetic patients. However more population-based studies with clinical trial design are needed taking into consideration many confounders including race, gender, genetics, physiological status and PE training prescription.

Keywords

Prediabetes; Impaired glucose tolerance test; Impaired fasting glucose; Physical exercise; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abbreviations

ADA: American Diabetes Association; CVD: Cardiovascular Disease; DM: Diabetes Mellitus; HIIT: High Intensity Intermittent Training; IDF: International Diabetes Federation; IEC: International Expert Committee; IFG: Impaired Fasting Glucose; IGT: Impaired Glucose Tolerance; NDDG: National Diabetes Data Group; NICE: National Institute for Health Care Excellence; WHO: World Health Organization


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