Open Access by Gavin Publishers is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.

Under the provisions of this license: The readers have the following rights

• Share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format

• Adapt remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially

If a reader or any other party/academician/scholar who is trying to use the material published in Gavin Publishers website is following these license terms; Gavin Publishers cannot revoke these freedoms.

If a reader or any other party/website/publication company that is trying to use the material published on the Gavin Publishers website, but is blindly copying the copyrighted material and is blatantly using such material in its own interests; Gavin Publishers is then free to revoke these freedoms and the opposed party is liable to copyright infringement Under the following terms.

Attribution For any authentic and permissible use, the interested party needs to provide appropriate credit, a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. The adaptation may be in any reasonable manner, but it should not suggest that Gavin Publishers endorses the party in question or its use.

No additional restrictions Gavin Publishers will not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict readers/scientists/academicians from doing anything the license permits Notices

A reader or any other party/website/publication company may not comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where the use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.

Gavin Publishers is however bound by other rights such as publicity, privacy and moral rights and any other party that is adapting any material published on its website is also bound by these rights that limit how the material should be used for any commercial/non-commercial purpose.


The copyright for all the published scientific articles in the Gavin Publishers Journals rests with the authors of the manuscript.

The publisher or any other party does not hold the copyright for the manuscripts.

The readers are free to read, share, download and print these articles for academic/scientific purposes. However, they are not free to blindly copy the copyrighted material and use it in their research work/manuscript/thesis/lecture/seminar. Any quote or reference from these manuscripts should be properly attributed, or prior permission should be taken from the copyright holder i.e. the manuscript author/authors.